We had a great conference this year. In my opinion the topics were more relevant and presentations had more quality. To know who is who check: http://www.ictf.ox.ac.uk/conference/2011/whos-who.html
An Introduction to Biometrics by Julian Ashbourn
He gave some examples to illustrate ‘history’:
Egyptians – had a way to identify people using marks on forehead, etc
Galton – Eugenics
Henry Goddard – Feeble-Mindedness
Juan Vucetich – fingerprint system based upon Galton’s ideas. First positive identification – Francisca Rojas – adopted by police – Galton-Henry system adopted by Scotland Yard
So, biometrics is not new idea…. what changed through time was the use of computers/technology to allow automation.
How does it work
- define what we want to measure/match
- extract features/biometric reference
- statement of ‘likeness’
1. Registration – capture sample, extract features, create reference/biometric code (hash)
2. Live operation – capture sample, extract freatures, create code, retrieve stored code and compare!!!
– problems with accuracy and false positives – what comes to my mind is the case of Shirley McKie, for example (false positive, or better, a lack of proper judgment from the specialists involved)
The use of “User Psychology Index” to compare theoretical performance vs real performance. You can check some sample images from a software that does that.
Biometric matching is not an exact science…
Where to use? everything? security? convenience only?
Who the biometrics belongs to? Americans say it theirs, a person say that is theirs. So depends who holds it/the information, who will decide how is going to be used? Should a biometric be covertly? (here he gave an example of people watching a big screen and the screen scanned the ‘biometrics’ and started to show information on screen according to analysis on the public / face recognition (male/female, age, etc).)
Because it is biometric doesn’t mean that is correct.
Enrollment procedure very important. Establishin and identity, template quality (if the quality is bad, you can have bad data), user instruction, etc.
Be extra careful about exception handling; repudiation; and use of biometric forensics.
Ideas, new frontiers…
- Biometrics in the cloud – (my personal reaction: “aaaaaaaaaaahhhh”)
- Federated identities – implications for the registration process, who owns them? who services them? WHO MAINTAINS THE DIRECTORY OF BIOMETRICS?
- Aligntment with profiles, privileges, location, device and other factors.
- Virtualised environments and identity measures
Brave new world
Do we want the William Shakespeare version of it?
How many goodly creatures are there here!
How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world,
That has such people in’t!
The Tempest (V, i)
OR these other verions:
Aldus Huxley, George Orewell, H.G. Wells
Maybe is a good time to take a fresh look at what we might achieve with this technology.
- Re-statement of relevance (where to use),
- best practices around the systems integration,
- clarity around privacy, ownership and data protection (on an international scale).
- Clarity of purpose with respect to large scale public sector applications (and communication)
Book suggestion (same author): Guide to Biometrics for Large-Scale Systems – ISBN 978-0-85729-466-1
The Python Scripting Language by Bruce Beckles (e-Science specialist)
Did some interviews to academics/students/staff to identify what they need in computing support.
Answers: basic programming skills, easy access to libraries (not reinvent the wheel), lack of time (scientists, not programmers), return of investment.
Then, repeated the interview to social science and answers were the same/similar.
- good first language – match basic programming skills
- loads of libraries available
- ‘instant gratification’ because is interpreted
- strict about syntax
- object oriented
- does its own garbage collection
- dynamically typed/strongly typed
Common ‘academic’ libraries:
NumPy – numerical python
SciPy – scientific python – scipy.org/Topical_Software
There is a Python Package Index – http://pypi.python.org/pypi – that could help in finding the package you might need.
the capacity of being everywhere or in all places at the same time
Python everywhere: OS, types of application, disciplines, people
- CPython – bytecode interpreter
- IronPython .net
- Jython – Java
- Stackless – Branch of CPython supporting microthreads
Many places/projects, a few examples:
- Eve Online – multiplayer online game, written in stackless python
- Web apps – Django, turbogears, Zope/Plone,
- Graphical applications in Linux are written in Python
- Glade – gui builder written in Python, can be use to create GUI
- Robots:PyVISA and PySerial
- Embedded systems — mesh network
- Written in Python:
- Gutenkarte – book catalog
- PyArchint – excavatioon management tool
- Pleiades – cartographic framework
Integration/interfacing with existing code:
c, c++ > swig > python
fortran > f2py > python
java > jython > python
.net > ironPython > python
Python 2 (still supported for about 3-4 years), slowly the most common libraries are being converted to Python 3
Python, an introduction to Computer Science – http://mcsp.wartburg.edu/zelle/python
Cambridge Computing Service Python course
Challenge for Computer SVCS in HE by Tom Mortimer
UCISA – Conferences, training sessions, lobbing in all UK universities
1 – ongoing funding and sustainable resourcing of IT
2 – delivering services under sever financial constraint (new concern compared to 2008)
3 – providing a quality, resilent service (structure of service)
4 – IT strategy and planning
5 = business systems to support the institution
5 = organisational change and process improvement
7 – IT/IS service quality (delivery of the service)
8 = benchmarking, costing and value for money (new concern compared to 2008) – 2011 meeting – Know your numbers
8 = mobile computing, anytime, anywhere computing, home working (new concern compared to 2008) 2011 meeting done by Paul Golding
10 = cloud, managed services and alternative service delivery models (new concern compared to 2008)
10 = use of technology in teaching
12 – governance of IT
Concerns that are ‘out’: environmental and energy and data centres (feel that these concerns were ‘dealt with’)
Iceberg example (12% above water, 88% below)
How IT spend money: 5-15% transform, 5-15% grow, 70-90% run the business
IT expenditure – driven by business needs and funding pressures
Ideally increase percentages of transformation and growth to up to 40% and reduce the running of the business to 60% through resources and funding.
Multi-platform Mobile Apps by Greg Jennings (IT manager – Hertford College)
Started with DVDs for things about Hertford. Film, sound track with orchestra, 20000 cds over the years….
But to reduce costs and look ‘in the loop of technology’ they decided to invest in mobile apps. Starting with iOS then add one another platform per year.
Phonegap – framework for making apps. Don’t need to relarn Object C, can design for many platforms (symbian, iOS, #Blackberry, etc…)
What phonegaps gives you: accelerometer, geolocation, etc…
What you will need: html + css + phonegap + device + SDK
Starting from iOS/android – they limited their project to 50hs development if it was to be longer than that they would scratch the idea.
Phonegap, jQTouch – free
How to start
Design – keep it simple, design on paper first (useful article, not included on the ICTF, if you like wireframing, I highly recommend Balsamiq mockups)
XCode, – (xcode3 is quite nicer, but xcode4 is the way to go now…), Phonegap, JQTouch (get the whole bundle except the demos, they are too big)
this is here
this is there
Images are usually PNGa
PhoneGap Build – compress files into a zip and upload it don’t need to use multiple compiles
Testing – repeat the process many times, get tested on simulator, get tested on devices, etc
Publishing – screenshots, icons, descriptions, android self sign or tun off trusted sources – apple requires a registered CA or development device (ad hoc, jail broken, b2b) – android market updates happen synchronously – iTunes take 2 days but 14 days for ‘review’.
The results – iTune connect is poor and is yesterday’s info – iTunes connect is ok, android market is great – android app andlytics is great app
Json – why should you use it? it is small/compact/great – why not xml? because doesn’t scale well, too much info you don’t need to know.
Building a search – mysql back end, php ‘fuzzy’ query page, separate page lookup.html within the app for ease of writing – what we wanted it to do: either retain user details or do a look up of anyone’s details. (this part I missed a bit, so it may clarify when I get an update with the presenter’s slides)
Green Open data & sustainability by Alex Dutton and Howard Noble
Main idea: check how much saving happens with people turning off their pc before going home. Also, making this data available so people get aware of it.
Meter data is open at Oxford
Problem with efergy – smart metering – might help in the begining but once you don’t have more reduction people will get bored and start to consume more.
Ways of presenting the information to people:
- Graph A-G rating (like the refrigerator scale)
- Are we saving energy? NO, 2.7% more than UK.
- tidystreet.org – graph on street
- Graph with the polar bear sad – not very good for some people
- Energy dashboard – showing in reception
I urge developers to use data.ox.ac.uk to represent electricity as a public good, i.e. help others understand how private consuption has public ramifications. Help reduce the ignorance that propelling us to a tragedy of the commons and/or social injustices with respect to electricity, clean water, air quality, natural gas, nuclear waste, fish stocks…
Please get creative with the University electricity meter readins and help us upload more data sets.
More widgets on website – “how we are doing”
Tags/barcodes on bins to weight how much is reclyclable or not
Apple Technology Update by Stuart Anderson
OS X Lion is the new release (the new big cat) has 250+ new features as:
- muti-touch gestures
- full-screen apps
- mission control
- mac app store
- resume and auto save
- mail with ‘conversations’ (which looks a lot like the google mail already
Voices downloaded as needed; no printer drivers, just download when necessary; accessibility inherited – if you have a mac desktop then you can connect an iphone, ipad to it and it will inherit your accessibility features (hi-contrast, or color scheme for example).
- File vault – encrypt your home folder
- iCal has colouring code for slots that are too busy (a way to show you that you shouldn’t add any more opinion)
- Launchpad – applications organised by category
- Search – faster
- Networking – you can wake up a specific drive for backup without having to wake up all drives automatically, they support DFS now
- Preview – can open word documents in Preview
- Privacy – location data, who can use
- QuickTime Player – share directly to Flickr and Facebook
- Resume – resume the whole state of the computer
- Safari – loads of features, populating email
- Screen Sharing – can see under the hood not only screen itself
- Spotlight search – gives a preview while scrolling on the list
- System – general system: can import everything from Windows machine, AppleID
- Text – improving on the entering too
- TextEdit – revert to other version (only the final version)???
- Time machine – not always have to be online, back it up daily just syncronyse when you are online
- Version – browse between versions of your document, nice interface
- Resize from the corners (in Windows for ages, but now in Mac)
- Multiple desktops (Linux has for ages)
- Integrated Mac Store
- AirDrop (friends around can receive documents without worrying about network configuration)
- Mail Server 3 – beautifully design interface (finally)
iOS 5 200+ features
- notification cente
- twitter integrated
- faster safari
- reader – get the ‘clutter’ out of the way, just show content
- photo – accessible from main
- split keyboard to make it easier to type
- share with the TV: show on tv what you are seeing on the iPad (you need an Apple TV for that)
- content in all devices
- 5GB free storage
- itunes in the cloud
- photo stream (+apple tv)
- apps, books, documents and backup
- contacts, calendar and mail (me.com)
- iCloud API
- available in full this autumn
Sense and Sendability – Novel Mobile Devices for the Future by Lyndsay Williams
My personal comment on this presentation: very amusing, this woman did LOADS, and some very creative things!!! Hard to describe in words… well, some of her inventions:
- Camera to take pictures of room when a person crosses a door, the door frame gives a very different change in shadow: to aid people with memory problems.
- SenseSurface – Knob to adjust volume on lcd screen but real 3d experience
- Hand tracker for mobile phones
- Detection of tremor of someone having epilepsy (hand sensor detector)
- Thrill chip – record and replay skin sensations, touch, replay feeling with skin actuators like chill, heat, nerve stimulation – http://tinyurl.com/6eyvko9
- Microsoft GyroTablet handheld computer with motion detection
Please have a look on her slide presentation – found on her website – it has links to youtube videos with demonstration of the technologies… http://girtonlabs.s3.amazonaws.com/GirtonLabsv260809a.pdf